Macam-Macam Organisasi Internasional

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Macam-Macam Organisasi Internasional. sobat pasti sudah pernah mendengar kata PBB atau WHO kan? kedua kata itu adalah sebuah singkatan untuk Perserikatan Bangsa Bangsa, atau bahasa inggrisnya United Nations (UN) kalau di Indonesia jadi PBB. Sedangkan WHO adalah world health organization, yang merupakan sebuah organisasi internasional yang mengurusi kesehatan.

Apa itu Organisasi Internasional?


Kalau manurut Wikipedia,  Organisasi internasional merupakan organisasi dengan keanggotaan dan cakupan Internasional (sedunia).

Kalau Menurut Britannica, Organisasi Internasional merupakan sebuah lembaga yang keanggotaannya terdiri dari setidaknya tiga negara, memiliki kegiatan di beberapa negara, dan yang anggotanya diikat oleh perjanjian formal. Beberapa memiliki tujuan di seluruh dunia atau regional (misalnya, Uni Eropa), dan beberapa memiliki tujuan tunggal (misalnya, World Intellectual Property Organization). Adanya saling ketergantungan antara negara-negara, yang pada gilirannya telah mendorong perlunya kerjasama untuk mengatasi masalah-masalah internasional dan global.

Macam-Macam Organisasi Internasional



Berikut ini adalah daftar beberapa organisasi internasional yang beberapa diantaranya pasti sudah tidak asing ditelinga kita, karena sudah pernah kita pelajari di bangku sekolah.

  • Perserikatan Bangsa Bangsa (PBB) / United Nations (UN)
  • World Health Organization (WHO), Lembaga Kesehatan Dunia
  • Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Organisasi pangan Sedunia
  • United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
  • United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), organisasi Pendidikan dan kebudayaan Dunia
  • International Labour Organization (ILO), Organisasi Buruh Internasional
  • United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
  • Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
  • Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), Indonesia merupakan salah satu anggota ASEAN yang cukup berpengaruh)
Dan Masih banyak lagi macam-macam organisasi internasional selain yang sudah disebutkan diatas, berikut ini saya tampilkan semua daftarnya dalam versi aslinya, termasuk beberapa sudah dilengkapi dengan nama ketua organisasinya:


UN organizations
  • Food and Agriculture Organization
  • Director-General - José Graziano da Silva, Brazil (2012–present)
  • International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Director-General - Yukiya Amano, Japan (2009–present)
  • International Civil Aviation Organization
  • President of the Council - Roberto Kobeh Gonzalez, Mexico (2006–present)
  • Secretary-General - Raymond Benjamin, France (2009–present)
  • International Labour Organization
  • Director-General - Guy Ryder, UK (2012–present)
  • United Nations
  • Secretary-General - Ban Ki Moon, South Korea (2007–present)
  • President of the General Assembly - Nassir Al-Nasser, Qatar (2011–2012)
  • Security Council members - China, France, Russia, United Kingdom, United States (permanent members); Azerbaijan,Guatemala, Morocco, Pakistan, Togo (elected for 2012–2013); Argentina, Australia, Republic of Korea, Luxembourg, Rwanda(elected for 2013–2014)
  • United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
  • Executive Director - Anthony Lake, United States (2010–present)
  • United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
  • Director-General - Irina Bokova, Bulgaria (2009–present)
  • United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
  • High Commissioner - Navanethem Pillay, South Africa (2008–present)
  • United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
  • High Commissioner - António Guterres, Portugal (2005–present)
  • United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)
  • Director-general - Kandeh Yumkella, Sierra Leone (2005–present)
  • World Food Programme (WFP)
  • Executive Director - Josette Sheeran, United States (2007–present)
  • World Health Organization (WHO)
  • Director-General - Margaret Chan, China (acting) (2007–present)
  • World Meteorological Organization (WMO)
  • President - Alexander Bedritsky, Russia (2003–present)
  • Secretary-General - Michel Jarraud, France (2004–present)
  • World Tourism Organization (UNWTO)
  • Secretary-General - Taleb Rifai, Jordan (2010–present)
Political and economic organizations 
African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States (ACP) -Secretary-General - Mohamed Ibn Chambas, Ghana (2010–present)
African Union -
Chairperson - Yayi Boni, Benin, (2012–present)
Chairperson of the Commission - Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, South Africa (2012–present)
President of the Pan-African Parliament - Idriss Ndele Moussa, Chad (2009–present)
Andean Community -
Secretary-General - Adalid Contreras Baspineiro (Bolivia), (2010–present)
Arab League -
Secretary-General - Nabil Elaraby, Egypt (2011–present)
Arab Maghreb Union
Secretary-General - Habib Ben Yahia, Tunisia (2006–present)
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
Executive Director - Muhamad Noor, Malaysia (2010–present)
Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) -
Secretary-General - Le Luong Minh, Vietnam (2013–present)
Caribbean Community -
Secretary-General - Lolita Applewhaite, Barbados (2011–present)
Central American Parliament -
President - Dorindo Cortéz, Panama (2010–present)
Common Market of East and Southern Africa (COMESA) -
Secretary-General - Sindiso Ngwenya, Zimbabwe (2008–present)
Commonwealth of Nations -
Head - Queen Elizabeth II (1952–present)
Secretary-General - Kamalesh Sharma, India (2008–present)
Commonwealth of Independent States
Executive Secretary - Sergei Lebedev, Russia (2007–present)
Council of Europe
Secretary General - Thorbjørn Jagland, Norway (2009–present)
President of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) - Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu, Turkey (2010–present)
President of the European Court of Human Rights - Jean-Paul Costa, France (2007–present)
East African Community -
Secretary-General - Richard Sezibera, Rwanda (2011–present)
Economic Community of West African States
President of the Commission - Victor Gbeho, Ghana (2010–present)
Chairman - Alassane Ouattara, Côte d'Ivoire (2012–present)
Eurasian Economic Community
Secretary-General - Tair Mansurov, Khazakstan (2007–present)
Chairman of the Interstate Council - Nursultan Nazarbayev, Kazakhstan (2001–present)
European Free Trade Association
Secretary-General - Kåre Bryn, Norway (2006–present)
European Union (EU)
Presidency of the European Council - Herman Van Rompuy (2009–present)
Presidency of the European Union Council
Ireland (2013)
President of the European Commission - José Manuel Barroso, Portugal (2004–present)
President of the European Parliament - Jerzy Buzek, Poland (2010–present)
Secretary-General of the Council and High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy - Catherine Ashton (2009–present)
President of the European Central Bank - Mario Draghi, Italy (2011–present)
European Ombudsman - Nikiforos Diamandouros, Greece (2003–present)
President of the Committee of the Regions (CoR) - Peter Straub, Germany (2004–present)
President of the European Investment Bank (EIB) - Werner Hoyer, Germany (2012–present)
President of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) - Vassilios Skouris, Greece (2003–present)
President of the European Court of Auditors - Hubert Weber, Austria (2005–present)
President of the Economic and Social Committee (ESC) - Anne-Marie Sigmund, Austria (2004–present)
Group of Eight (G8)
President (informal) - David Cameron, United Kingdom (2013)
Gulf Cooperation Council
Secretary-General - Abdul Rahman ibn Hamad al-Attiyah, Qatar (2002–present)
Ibero-American Secretariat (Segib)
Secretary-General - Enrique V. Iglesias, Uruguay (2005–present)
Indian Ocean Commission
Secretary-General - Monique Andreas Esoavekomandroso, Madagascar (2004–present)
Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)
Chairman - Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, Iran (2012-present)
Nordic Council
Secretary-General - Jan-Erik Enestam, Finland (2007–present)
North Atlantic Treaty Organisation
Secretary-General - Anders Fogh Rasmussen, Denmark (2009–present)
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
Secretary-General - José Ángel Gurría, Mexico (2006–present)
Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
Secretary-General - Lamberto Zannier, Italy (2011–present)
Chairman-in-Office - Audronius Ažubalis, Lithuania (2011–present)
High Commissioner on National Minorities - Knut Vollebæk, Norway (2007–present)
Organization of American States
Secretary-General - José Miguel Insulza, Chile (2005–present)
Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States
Director-General - Len Ishmael, Saint Lucia (2003–present)
Organisation of the Islamic Conference (from July 2011 known as the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation)
Secretary-General - Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu, Turkey (2005–present)
Pacific Community
Director-General - Jimmie Rodgers, Solomon Islands (2006–present)
Pacific Islands Forum
Secretary-General - Tuiloma Neroni Slade, Samoa (2008–present)
Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)
Secretary-General - Bolat Nurgaliyev, Kazakhistan (2007–present)
South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
Secretary-General - Ahmed Saleem, Maldives (2012–present)
Southern Cone Common Market (Mercosur)
Director of the Executive Secretariat - Agustín Colombo Sierra, Argentina (2009–present)
Southern African Development Community
Executive Secretary - Tomaz Salomão, Mozambique (2005–present)
Union of South American Nations (Unasur/Unasul)
President - Bharrat Jagdeo, Guyana (2010–present)
Secretary-General - Alí Rodríguez Araque, Venezuela (2012–present)
Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO)
Secretary-General - Ngawang Choephel, Tibet (2010–present)
World Trade Organization (WTO)
Director-General - Pascal Lamy, France (2005–present)

Financial organizationsAfrican Development Bank -
President - Donald Kaberuka, Rwanda (2005–present)
Asian Development Bank -
President - Haruhiko Kuroda, Japan (2005–present)
European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
President - Suma Chakrabarti, India (2012–present)
Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
President - Luis Alberto Moreno, Colombia (2005–present)
International Monetary Fund
Managing Director - Christine Lagarde, France (2011–present)
Islamic Development Bank (IDB)
President - Ahmad Mohamed Ali, Saudi Arabia (1975–present)
World Bank
President - Jim Yong Kim, Korea (June 2012 Onwards)
[edit]Sports organizations
Asian Football Confederation (AFC)
President - Zhang Jilong, China (2011–present)
Confédération africaine de football (CAF)
President - Issa Hayatou, Cameroon (1988–present)
Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football (CONCACAF)
President - Alfredo Hawit, Honduras (2011–present)
Confederación Sudamericana de Fútbol (CONMEBOL)
President - Nicolas Leoz, Paraguay (1986–present)
Fédération Internationale des Échecs (FIDE)
President - Kirsan Ilyumzhinov, Russian Federation (1995–present)
Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA)
President - Sepp Blatter, Switzerland (1998–present)
International Cricket Council (ICC)
President - Alan Isaac, New Zealand (2012–present)
International Olympic Committee (IOC)
President - Jacques Rogge, Belgium (2001–present)
International Paralympic Committee (IPC)
President - Philip Craven, United Kingdom (2001–present)
International Rugby Board (IRB)
President - Syd Millar, Ireland (2003–present)
Oceania Football Confederation (OFC)
President - Reynald Temarii, Tahiti (2004–present)
Union of European Football Associations (UEFA)
President - Michel Platini, France (2007–present)

Other organizationsAntarctic Treaty
Executive Secretary - Jan Huber, Netherlands (2004–present)
Colombo Plan -
Secretary-General - Patricia Yoon-Moi Chia, Malaysia (2007–present)
Community of Portuguese Language Countries (CPLP)
Executive Secretary - Murade Isaac Miguigy Murargy, Mozambique (2012–present)
EDU - Intergovernmental Organization (EDU)
Secretary-General - G.Irving Levance, (2011–present)[1]
La Francophonie
Secretary-General - Abdou Diouf, Senegal (2003–present)
Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD)
Executive Secretary - Mahboub Maalim, Kenya (2008–present)
International Committee of the Red Cross
President - Jakob Kellenberger, Switzerland (2000–present)
International Court of Justice
President - Hisashi Owada, Japan (2009–present)
International Criminal Court
President - Song Sang-Hyun, South Korea (2009–present)
International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol)
Secretary-General - Ronald Noble, United States (2000–present)
President - Mireille Ballestrazzi, France (2012–present)
International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
President - Tadateru Konoé, Japan (2009–present)
International Maritime Organization
Secretary-General - Efthimios E. Mitropoulos, Greece (2004–present)
International Organization for Migration (IOM)
Director-general - William Lacy Swing, United States (2008–present)
International Telecommunication Union
Secretary-General - Hamadoun Touré, Mali (2007–present)
Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)
Director-General - Ahmet Üzümcü, Turkey (2010–present)
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
Secretary-General -
Edmund Daukoru, Nigeria, acting (2006–present)
Mohammed S. Barkindo, Nigeria, acting for Daukoru (2006–present)
Universal Postal Union
Director-General - Édouard Dayan, France (2005–present)
World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
Director-General - Francis Gurry (2008–present) 
Sumber:Wikipedia

Semoga info ini dapat bermanfaat buat anda yang sedang mencari informasi terkini tentang organisasi internasional. Kritik dan saran silakan disampaikan dengan meninggalkan komentar atau kontak kami. dan kalau dirasa bermanfaat, akan sangat membantu jika artikel ini bisa dishare ke teman2 anda.





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Anonim mengatakan...

itu di bawah naungan pbb atau bukan?

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